An ideal way to tell if your gums are healthy is if they are pink, firm and do not bleed. The gum colour may be an indicator of your health in most situations, but it can also be a product of various factors such asgenetics and ethnicity.
Irrespective of the cause, each one of us desires to have pink gums and achieve that radiant smile. Read on to learn more about the causes of dark gums and what you can do to treat them.
Causes of Dark Gums
- High pigmentation
Heredity and ethnic background play an important role in developing the colour of your gums.Few people have a high level of melanin production in their body which causes naturally darker gums. The gums may not appear pink but brown or black. This is perfectly normal and commonly found across darker skinned races.
Studies have shown that regular smokers develop darker gums as compared to non-smokers.
- Poor dental habits
Improper dental habits such as irregular brushing patterns, not flossing and skipping dentist appointments can lead to poor oral hygiene which can cause darker gums.
- Underlying disease
Darker gums can also be a symptom of gum disease. Along with dark gums, it can also cause swelling, redness and bleeding of gums.Also, certain types of medication and lack of proper nutrition can be responsible for darker gums.
Treatment of Dark Gums
While a few treatments are surgical and may provide results in a short span, others are lifestyle changes that may take some time to have the desired effect. Here’s what you can do to treat your dark gums-
The surgical procedure involves removing the outer darker layer of the gums and exposing the natural pink colour. Results are usually visible within a few days, however the gums may regain some amount of pigmentation after a few months.
- Gum bleaching
This involves applying a bleaching solution on your gums or using a laser to treat discolouration. Results are long lasting and the procedure usually takes one session. People having sensitive gums may experience mild irritation after the procedure, but overall the procedure is safe and effective.
- Proper dental habits
Using a toothbrush having soft bristles and not brushing too hard will not damage your gums. Flossing after meals and brushing twice a day can also help remove the plaque formed on your teeth and gums. A mouth wash can help destroy bacteria in your mouth and hence prevent the development of plaque.
- Quit smoking
Due to chemicals emitted from the smoke, gums may become dark in colour which can also be a symptom of gum disease. Smokers are at a higher risk of developing oral diseases than non-smokers. So if you want pink gums, it is advisable to quit smoking right now.
Besides these, one must visit the dentist every six months for a complete check-up and to rule out any gum disease. Numerous patients have submitted various Dentzz review and claimed that they had a pleasurable experience while undergoing their treatment.